• The Spirits' Book

    • Book Two - The Spirit World

      • Chapter XI - The Three Kingdoms

        • Animals and Humans

597. Since animals possess intelligence that gives them a certain degree of freedom of action, is there a principle independent of matter in them?

“Yes, and it survives their body.”

a) Is it a soul, like that of humans?

“It is a soul, depending on how you define this word, but it is inferior to that of human beings. There is a great difference between the soul of animals and that of human beings, as between the soul of human beings and God.”

Source: Kardecpedia