The Spirits' Book
Book Two - The Spirit World
Chapter XI - The Three Kingdoms
Animals and Humans
595. Do animals have free will with respect to their actions?
“They are not machines, but their freedom of action is limited to their needs and cannot be compared to that of humans. They do not have the same duties as those of humans because they are extremely inferior to them. The freedom of action of animals is restricted to the actions of their material life only.”